Writing a Job Description in Compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Rehabilitation Act

The regulations of the ADA states that an individual with one or more disabilities will be qualified for a position if he/she is able to perform the "essential functions" of the position (with or without accommodation). These essential functions are the basic job duties. It is particularly important, before taking an employment action such as recruiting, advertising, hiring, promotion or firing, to carefully examine each job description for positions in your department to determine which functions or tasks are essential.

What are the essential functions of the job? Below is a list of questions to use in determining the essential functions of a job:

An example of a job description along with a sample of interview questions on ability can be found in the Supervisory Guide.