NUR 500: ETHICS IN NURSING
This course is designed to provide the foundations for critically analyzing ethical dilemmas in nursing practice. Ethical theories will be explored and critically examined, with a focus on their application to practice. Moral developmental theories will be discussed in light of the current debate regarding gender and racial disparities in decision for ethical practice from a systems theory perspective. The course will draw on students’ clinical experiences to promote moral reflection and personal values clarifications with regard to contemporary health-care challenges. The course will examine current and emerging issues as influenced by emerging technological, clinical, political, legal, socio-economic, and fiscal factors.
NUR 512: INFORMATICS
This course provides an overview of informatics and other technologies used to enhance and improve patient care. The application of communication technology to integrate and coordinate care is examined. Data management and electronic health records are explored. Access to current literature through search processes using technology is linked to evidence-based health education and other patient care interventions.
NUR 520: SPIRITUALITY IN NURSING AND HEALTH CARE
This course provides an introduction to the role of spirituality in nursing practice. The course will analyze the paradigm shifts that have occurred in the history of professional nursing regarding the place of spirituality in professional nursing practice. It explores the phenomenon of spirituality in health and illness across the lifespan and from the perspectives of multiple religious and cultural world views. The course offers students an opportunity to reflect on their understanding and experience of spirituality and how spirituality influences personal decision making. The applicability of current research and specific nursing theories to the practice of spiritually sensitive nursing care is also addressed. Emphasis is placed on personal spirituality as a resource for the provision of nursing care that respects the diverse religious traditions and spiritualities of clients.
NUR 565: SAFETY STRATEGIES FOR HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEMS
This course explores medication errors and other health-care errors that threaten patient safety. The impact of health-care errors is examined from the perspectives of consumers, health-care providers, professional organizations, legislators, hospitals, and other health-care delivery agencies. Systems improvement initiatives are investigated with the goal of preventing health-care errors. Interdisciplinary and collaborative roles of consumers, legal counsel, and health-care providers, including nurses, pharmacists, and physicians are emphasized.
NUR 567: CARING THEORY, CARING PRACTICE
This course examines human caring and nurses’ contributions to the health and healing of the people served. It emphasizes the history, research, and aesthetics of caring from the perspectives of nursing and other disciplines. Emphasis is placed on critique of caring research, scholarly and aesthetic writing on caring, and resources available to study caring. Intentional caring and self-care are also analyzed.
NUR 574: INTRODUCTION TO GRADUATE RESEARCH AND WRITING
A cross-disciplinary seminar that introduces students to the latest research technology and databases for advanced work in their major. Emphasis on research and communication skills, including oral presentations and written reports and papers. An individualized paper or written project, approved by the student’s department, will be completed by each participant in the seminar.
NUR 581: THE SCHOOL NURSE AND THE EXCEPTIONAL CHILD
This course examines the principles of school nursing applied to children with special education and health-related needs. Students explore the practical applications of laws, rules, and regulations that form the basis for accommodating the needs of exceptional children. Emphasis is placed on identifying common health problems and disabilities, nursing care management, and interdisciplinary decision-making. This course addresses Knowledge of Content (IA-ID), Performances, and Professionalism (IIIA-IIID) specified in the School Nurse Guidelines of the Pennsylvania Department of Education Standards.
NUR 582: SCHOOL NURSE PRACTICUM
This course provides the student with a practicum in school nursing to meet the entry criteria for school nurse certification in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and meets Standards IV, V, VI, and VII of the Pennsylvania Department of Education General Standards and School Nurse Guidelines I.A., I.B., I.C., I.D., II, III.B., III.C., and III.D. Practicum students will demonstrate the school nurse role under the supervision of a certified school nurse mentor. Students applying to take course will present a dossier detailing previous work experience and professional academic experience for evaluation by the School of Nursing.
Prerequisite: NUR 581
NUR 604 : RESEARCH FOR EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE I
This course explores the relationships among research, theory, and practice. Students appraise scholarly literature and evaluate its quality and applicability to clinical practice. A critical review of the literature guides the evolution of a clinically focused research question. Students investigate research methods and standards and approaches of evidence-based practice. Various research designs are contrasted.
NUR 605: RESEARCH FOR EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE II
This course is a continuation of Research for Evidence-Based Practice I (NUR 604). Students develop research proposals, generated by research questions and the literature review, completed in NUR 604. They also examine research design, treatment of variables, sampling, measurement theory, probability theory, qualitative and quantitative analysis, and the use of the computer in data analysis. Ethical and legal principles related to the conduct of nursing research will be discussed. Students employ evidence-based practice strategies to inform clinical practice decisions. Prerequisite: NUR 604
NUR 607 : ADVANCED NURSING ROLES IN HEALTHCARE
This course examines the evolution of advanced education nursing in the context of changing health-care delivery systems. Students explore health-care policy development and examine systems of delivering patient care in relation to financial, ethical, legal, socio-cultural, legislative-political, and professional concerns. Program development, informatics, fiscal management of health-care services, budgeting, and reimbursement issues are emphasized. Students practice interdisciplinary networking and coalition-building skills in leadership roles extending beyond the traditional health-care environment.
NUR 608 : ADVANCED NURSING PRACTICE FOR POPULATION-BASED CARE
In this course, students develop cultural competence regarding the role of the advanced practice nurse by meeting the health-care needs of diverse groups and populations. Health promotion, disease prevention, resource utilization, and health education responsibilities are examined. Students utilize basic epidemiological concepts, group theories, and needs-assessment approaches for vulnerable populations. They explore the varying needs of diverse groups in community settings through a cultural blueprint.
NUR 610 : NURSING AND HEALTH EDUCATION
This is the first graduate nursing education course in a three-course sequence designed to prepare the master’s-level nurse for beginning teaching roles in nursing education, staff development, and public/ health education. The course explores the historical and philosophical underpinnings of education and their relevance to the education of nurses and the public. Emphasis is given to nursing education theory and the critical analysis of theories of learning and teaching strategies as well as the exploration of current issues in nursing education, nursing practice, and public/health education.
NUR 611 : METHODS OF EDUCATION IN NURSING
This course builds on the content of NUR 610 and focuses on the way in which the components of the teaching/learning process are organized in order to meet the needs of the learner—nursing student, client/patient and family, or practicing nurse. The emphasis in this course is on the application of models and strategies in any classroom or clinical setting where nurses are responsible for others’ learning.
NUR 615 : Family System Concepts for Primary Care
This course explores theoretical perspectives on individuals' health within the family system, emphasizing vulnerable and underserved populations. Societal-level patterns of aging are investigated, including issues affecting family systems at the national and global levels. Family assessment, human development, and life transitions theory are introduced to prepare students to provide anticipatory guidance and advance care planning. Family responses to and coping mechanisms associated with acute, chronic, and terminal illness are scrutinized. Principles of cultural competence and leadership/change agency are explored.
NUR 616: ADVANCED HEALTH ASSESSMENT
This course addresses the health assessment of individuals across their lifespan using a framework of physiologic, psychological, socio-cultural, and physical examination data. Students explore history-taking methods, principles of physical assessment, and concepts of clinical diagnosis to determine patients’ potential and actual health problems. The course enables students to develop skills necessary to evaluate the comprehensive health status of individuals through assessment of normal and abnormal physical findings. Students combine principles of nursing and other related sciences to analyze clinical problems and provide safe, competent patient care. Students advance in theoretical knowledge, clinical judgment, differential diagnosis, and decision-making skills. Prerequisites: Core, NUR 617, NUR 618
NUR 617: ADVANCED PHARMACOLOGY
This course expands the study of the actions and effects of drugs in the human system across an individual’s lifespan. Students synthesize legal and professional nursing responsibilities related to pharmacotherapy for health promotion, pathological syndromes, and clinical disorders in advanced practice nursing roles. Students appraise principles of drug therapy, mechanisms of action, and selection of appropriate pharmacological agents in clinical prescribing. Prerequisite/Corequisite: NUR 618
NUR 618: ADVANCED PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
This course integrates physiological principles, clinical manifestations, and advanced nursing practice implications with the clinical decision-making process. Common pathological syndromes and disorders are explored across an individual’s lifespan. Students interpret physiologic, pathophysiologic, psychological, and sociocultural data utilizing information to formulate culturally appropriate advanced nursing practice. Students focus on differentiating normal, variations of normal and abnormal changes of syndromes, and constellations of symptoms with a selection of pertinent diagnostic testing. Prerequisite: Core
NUR 620: BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL PROCESSES: NURSING CARE OF ADULTS IN HEALTH AND ILLNESS
This course explores biopsychosocial and cultural processes in relation to health, illness, and healing in diverse human systems, especially those from vulnerable and under-served populations. Students evaluate significant health problems that represent leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adults from early adulthood through senescence. Evidence- based nursing interventions for adult and geriatric patients with varied health problems ranging from primary to acute concerns are evaluated from the Clinical Nurse Specialist’s caring perspective. The National Association for Clinical Nurse Specialists’ (NACNS) Statement on Clinical Nurse Specialist Practice and Education, the Clinical Nurse Specialist Core Competencies, and Adult-Gerontology Clinical Nurse Specialist Competencies provide the role context for the course with adult-gerontology population content provided using relevant resources to achieve nationally validated competencies with an emphasis on quality improvement, outcomes management, research, and evidence-based practice.
NUR 621: BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL PROCESSES II: NURSING CARE OF ADULTS IN HEALTH AND ILLNESS
This course is a continuation of NUR 620 which explores biopsychosocial and cultural processes in relation to health and healing in human systems especially those from vulnerable and under-served populations. Students evaluate significant health problems which represent the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adults in the United States. Nursing interventions for adults with these problems are evaluated from the Clinical Nurse Specialist’s caring perspective and from the service
orientations of culturally competent health promotion, disease prevention, health maintenance, and health restoration. The National Association for Clinical Nurse Specialists (NACNS) practice and education standards are emphasized. (Under revision)
NUR 625 : FIELD STUDY IN ADULT HEALTH AND ILLNESS I
This seminar and preceptored practicum course is designed to integrate theory, practice, and research as the basis for advanced clinical practice for clinical nurse specialists (CNS). Nursing care needs of adults and their responses to health and illness are explored within the context of health promotion, maintenance, and restoration health-care services. Clinical practica are structured according to the needs of the graduate student. The seminars provide a forum for discussion of the roles of the advanced practitioner. Practica and seminars enhance knowledge, skills, and attitudes relevant to advanced nursing practice in a variety of settings. This course requires 250 hours of clinical practicum.
Pre-requisites: NUR 616, Core
Co-requisite: NUR 621
NUR 626: FIELD STUDY IN ADULT GERONTOLOGY HEALTH AND ILLNESS II
A continuation of NUR 625 in which graduate students explore the needs and responses of diverse healthy and ill adults during preceptored clinical practica and seminars. The course views theory and research as foundations of nursing practice. Advanced nursing practice is examined within the context of health promotion, maintenance, and restoration services. Students investigate the characteristics and functions of the clinical nurse specialist role in relation to clinical problems. Practica are structured according to the needs of graduate students. The seminars provide a forum for discussion of various roles and clinical issues of advanced nursing practice in clinical nurse specialist roles in diverse settings. The practica and seminars enable students to expand knowledge, skills, and attitudes relevant to culturally competent advanced nursing practice for diverse clients. The practice and education standards of the National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists (NACNS) are integrated. This course requires 250 hours of clinical practicum.
Prerequisite: NUR 625
Co-requisite: NUR 621
NUR 631: CLINICAL OUTCOMES MANAGEMENT
This course addresses clinical decision-making, management of patient care, evidence-based practice, and outcomes management. Students participate in the process of developing best practice guidelines for promoting, maintaining, and restoring health. Quality assurance, safety and risk reduction will be examined. Students begin to develop a leadership portfolio.
NUR 632: SEMINAR IN NURSING HISTORY
The purpose of this seminar is to expand the student’s awareness of the historical role of nursing as a social response to the health needs of the American public. The changes in nursing itself will be viewed through the context of American political, economic, and social force. The internal forces of nursing will be analyzed as responses to those events. The philosophies of nursing leaders and other leaders and groups will be analyzed. Emphasis will be given to the interplay between societal forces and American nursing practice, education, and administration.
NUR 633: CARE ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT
This course investigates knowledge of complex health care systems including health care delivery models, financing, organization of health care systems, legislation affecting health care, and the role of professional nursing organizations in the health care environment. Students analyze the role of the CNL in health care systems.
NUR 634: FIELD STUDY IN CLINICAL NURSE LEADERSHIP
This course provides students the opportunity to participate in a leadership practicum with a mentor from a practice setting. Students complete their leadership portfolio that includes a capstone project demonstrating implementation of the leadership skills they have developed during their course of study.
NUR 635: HEALTH POLICY AND PROGRAM PLANNING AND EVALUATION
This seminar course introduces students to health policy, program planning, and evaluation in the public health context, especially as they relate to vulnerable and under-served populations. Special emphasis is placed on students’ strengthening and developing their skills in policy formulation and implementation. The social, economic, legal, ethical, cultural, and political environments that influence public policy, planning, and evaluation are explored. Students acquire familiarity with strategies for health planning and evaluation through selected applied learning activities.
NUR 637: EPIDEMIOLOGY
Epidemiology is concerned with analyzing and describing patterns and determinants of health and disease in human populations. The principles and methods of epidemiology provide knowledge of the evolution of health and disease processes, the foundation for preventive health practices, and the basis for rational health policy decisions. Population-based data collection methods and analyses of health data and their relationship to the utilization of health services are emphasized. Application of epidemiological methods to communicable and chronic diseases is discussed, especially as they relate to systematic health-care interventions.
NUR 638: GROUP PROCESS IN NURSING PRACTICE
Nurses in advanced practice are increasingly called upon to participate in and provide leadership to groups of patients, families, and professional staff. Strong leadership in-group process can promote quality health care. To examine group process, course topics will include (1) theories of group development and operation, (2) group properties and process, (3) the synergistic nature of groups, and (4) the function of group leadership. The group theories and processes will be examined in light of support groups, patient education groups, staff-work groups, and committees.
NUR 640: NURSING MANAGEMENT/ADMINISTRATION I: THE CONTENT AND CONTEXT OF NURSING ADMINISTRATION
This course focuses on the practice of nursing administration and provides students with the opportunity to critically examine the role of the nurse administrator. Students examine theories and principles regarding management of organizational systems within diverse health-care settings. Delivery of nursing care and services in relation to structure, process, and outcomes within small and large organizational systems is emphasized. Organizational design, administrative processes, and measurement of organizational effectiveness within nursing systems are emphasized. The professional, research, managerial, leadership, and change agency aspects of the nurse administrator role are explored in relation to the practice of nursing administration.
Prerequisites: Core, MBA Foundation, MBA Executive Perspectives, and acceptance into the MBA program.
Co-requisite: NUR 645
NUR 641: NURSING MANAGEMENT/ADMINISTRATION II
The emphasis of this course is on the role of the nurse administrator in developing and managing human resources within the health care delivery system. Theories and principles related to the development of an organizational climate that fosters staff satisfaction and productivity are explored. The Magnet Program is discussed and reviewed. Principles of personnel administration, employee relations, legal guidelines and collective bargaining are examined throughout the course.
NUR 645: FIELD STUDY IN NURSING MANAGEMENT/ADMINISTRATION I
This is the first of two preceptored field experiences designed to provide the student with the opportunity to integrate administration theory, operations, and research in a variety of health-care settings in order to positively influence the quality of patient care. With faculty guidance, students select and participate in a variety of experiences that focus on nursing management within diverse health-care settings. Seminars provide students with experiences in developing the skills necessary for the nurse administrator to influence change, to work with teams, and to manage resources. Trends, ethics, standards, and research in the area of nursing management are also examined. Emphasis is placed on the student’s articulation of the philosophical and theoretical basis of the practicum issues and on the development, refinement, and evaluation of effective management strategies. Clinical practica are structured according to the individual student’s knowledge and skill needs. This course requires 125 hours of clinical practicum.
Prerequisite: MBA Core, MBA Foundation, MBA Executive Perspectives
Co-requisite: NUR 640
NUR 646: FIELD STUDY IN NURSING MANAGEMENT/ADMINISTRATION II
In this preceptored field experience, students select opportunities to participate in strategic and financial management operations in a variety of settings. Seminars examine the impact of prospective payment, managed care, and uncompensated care on health-care organizations and nursing systems, especially those serving vulnerable and under-served populations. Students explore intrapreneurial and entrepreneurial roles of nursing administrators. Seminars provide students with the opportunity to share and process weekly practicum experiences and to receive feedback from students and faculty colleagues. Students articulate the philosophical and theoretical basis of practicum issues and the development, refinement, and evaluation of effective management strategies to effect positive changes in patient-care delivery systems. Students are encouraged to seek practica in alternative care delivery sites such as, but not limited to, Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs), primary-care health centers, assisted living centers, nursing homes, and hospitals and with diverse client populations, especially the vulnerable and underserved. This course requires 125 hours of clinical practicum.
Prerequisite: NUR 645
Required MBA courses are previously listed and described elsewhere in this catalog.
NUR 650: PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING I
This is the first of two courses designed to provide the theoretical foundations necessary for advanced public health nursing practice. Health behaviors and change strategies will be discussed as the bases for effective public health interventions. A variety of community assessment models from nursing, public health, public policy, and the social sciences will be examined. Current writings from the humanities provide an opportunity to apply and critique assessment models. Content includes the scope and standards of practice for public health nursing and exploration of significant public health problems.
Prerequisites: Core, NUR 635, NUR 637
Co-requisite: NUR 655
NUR 651: PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING II
This is the second of two courses designed to provide the theoretical foundations necessary for advanced public health nursing practice. Emphasis is placed on intervention and evaluation strategies. Content includes public health services models that support primary, secondary, and tertiary health-care initiatives both in traditional and non-traditional settings. Financial, ethical, cultural, and political factors in aggregate interventions are explored. Models for intervention and evaluation from nursing and other disciplines are analyzed for their utility in advanced practice nursing. Popular works of non-fiction are used to highlight the benefits and limitations of theoretical models in public health nursing. The synthesis of ideas, models, and research from a variety of sources are emphasized as a critical component of public health nursing.
Prerequisites: NUR 650, NUR 655
Co-requisite: NUR 656
NUR 655: FIELD STUDY IN PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING I (F)
This seminar and preceptored practicum course integrates theory, practice, and applied research. Through seminars and clinical applications, students develop the initial phases of a community health project with targeted populations. Emphasis is placed on leadership roles that optimize the
health of families, groups, and communities through an assessment of the health status of an aggregate or community and a proposed plan of action based on priority needs and resources of the target population. The final phases of this project (implementation, evaluation, and
recommendations) will be completed in the Spring Semester (NUR 656). The course builds on public health principles and culturally competent interventions engaging at-risk urban populations. Healthy People 2010 guides the student’s advanced practice opportunities through collaborative, multidisciplinary, client-oriented work in community settings. This course requires 256 hours of clinical practicum.
Prerequisites: NUR 635, NUR 637, HCA 731, or MBA 610
Co-requisite: NUR 650
NUR 656: FIELD STUDY IN PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING II (S)
This seminar and preceptored practice course further integrates theory, practice, and program evaluation perspectives into advanced practice public health nursing. The course supports the implementation and evaluation phases of the student’s ongoing public health project/practicum. Emphasis is placed on expanding professional and community roles, responsibilities and requisite skills to sustain and promote population-focused health within the framework of Healthy People 2010. The course focuses on culturally competent public health nursing interventions and leadership opportunities in diverse urban settings. Innovative health communication, education, and outreach strategies addressing public health needs in the 21st century are essential components of the course. This course requires 256 hours of clinical practicum.
Prerequisites: NUR 650, NUR 655
Co-requisite: NUR 651
NUR 660: Adult-Gerontology Primary Care I
This course focuses on the primary care health concerns of diverse young adults, adults, and older adults and facilitates student development in the nurse practitioner role. Using national health-care guidelines and professional standards, students assess health behaviors, plan and implement culturally appropriate and evidence-based practice strategies for health promotion and disease prevention, and evaluate health outcomes. Health maintenance and health restoration are explored in light of contemporary health-care environments, especially for underserved and vulnerable populations. Patient education and counseling techniques relevant to advanced nursing practice are emphasized. Prerequisites: Core, NUR 616, NUR 617, NUR 618; co-requisite: NUR 665
NUR 661: Adult-Gerontology Primary Care II
This course focuses on theories, principles, and processes necessary to diagnose and manage primary care health problems of young adults, adults, and older adults. Evidence-based practice standards and professional ethics are emphasized as students acquire knowledge necessary to evaluate and manage diverse patient populations with complex primary care health needs ranging from acuity to chronicity, including palliative and end-of-life care. Students explore health risks and behaviors, health promotion strategies, disease prevention, and health restoration in the context of contemporary health-care environments. Legal, ethical, financial, and cultural concepts related to advanced-practice nursing and professional credentialing are integrated. Patient education and counseling techniques relevant to the advanced-practice nursing role are addressed. Prerequisite: NUR 660; co-requisite: NUR 666 or NUR 667
NUR 663: PRIMARY CARE OF WOMEN
This course presents the principles of primary care, emphasizing health promotion, and disease prevention for both the pregnant and non- pregnant woman. Pathophysiologic alterations will be addressed as well as developmental stages, family, cultural, and societal influences. Primary care management of common health problems of adult women will be discussed. Students will develop increased clinical reasoning skills with the goal of managing the female patient in the ambulatory care setting.
Prerequisites: NUR 616, 617, 618, 660, 665
Co-requisite: NUR 668
NUR 664: PRIMARY CARE OF CHILDREN
This course presents the principles of primary care, emphasizing health promotion, and disease prevention for the child from birth to adolescence. Pathophysiologic alterations will be addressed as well as developmental stages, family, cultural, and societal influences. Primary care management of common health problems of children will be discussed. Students will develop increased clinical reasoning skills with the goal of managing the pediatric patient in the ambulatory care setting.
NUR 665: Field Study: Adult-Gerontology Primary Care I
This seminar course focuses on the knowledge and skills necessary to provide safe and effective primary care to young adults, adults, and older adults. Seminars focus on the application of physiologic, pharmacologic, and psychosocial principles in the professional role of the nurse practitioner within the health-care delivery system. Students integrate research-based knowledge of health assessment, health promotion, and disease prevention, pathophysiology, pharmacology, and family theory into preceptored clinical experiences in primary care settings. Course assignments focus on the process of clinical reasoning for accurate diagnosis and management of illness. (256 preceptored clinical hours) Co-requisite: NUR 660
NUR 666 : FIELD STUDY IN PRIMARY CARE OF ADULTS I
This course allows students to further develop and refine necessary skills for the adult-gerontology nurse practitioner. Students build on competencies achieved in NUR 665 and continue to integrate evidence from advanced practice nursing and related disciplines in classroom and clinical activities to prepare for the role of the nurse practitioner. Students apply knowledge of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions to provide safe and effective health care in the delivery of primary care. (256 peceptored clinical hours) Prerequisite: NUR 665; co-requisite: NUR 661; prerequisites: Core, NUR 616, NUR 617, NUR 618
NUR 667: Field Study: Adult Gerontology Primary Care II for the FNP Student
This course allows students to further develop and refine necessary skills for the family nurse practitioner. Students build on competencies achieved in NUR 665 and continue to integrate evidence from advanced-practice nursing and related disciplines in classroom and clinical activities to prepare for the role of the nurse practitioner. Students apply knowledge of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions to provide safe and effective health care in the delivery of primary care. (128 peceptored clinical hours) Prerequisite: NUR 665; co-requisite: NUR 661; prerequisites: Core, NUR 616, NUR 617, NUR 618
NUR 668: FIELD STUDY IN PRIMARY CARE OF WOMEN
This course provides the opportunity for further development and refinement of primary care skills and clinical judgment of the nurse practitioner student. Students build on beginning competencies to develop greater skill in primary care activities with the pregnant and non pregnant woman through integration of theory and principles of nursing and other related fields and supervised clinical activities. Clinical reasoning skills are refined through clinical practice, case presentations, mentoring and role modeling. Students apply evidence-based research related to pharmacology and clinical management theory and techniques to effectively manage health and disease within diverse primary care settings. Student presentations develop the process of clinical reasoning for accurate diagnosis and management of illness and management of pregnant and non pregnant women.
NUR 669: FNP FIELD STUDY II
This course provides the opportunity for further development and refinement of primary care skills and clinical judgment of the nurse practitioner student. Students build on beginning competencies to develop greater skill in primary care activities with the pediatric client through integration of theory and principles of nursing and other related fields and supervised clinical activities. Clinical reasoning skills are refined through clinical practice, case presentations, mentoring and role modeling. Students apply evidence-based research related to pharmacology and clinical management theory and techniques to effectively manage health and disease within diverse primary care settings. Student presentations develop the process of clinical reasoning for accurate diagnosis and management of illness and management of pediatric client.
NUR 681: ORIENTATION TO STUDY AND PRACTICE OF ANESTHESIA
This orientation course is required for all students enrolled in the nurse anesthesia track. It is designed to familiarize students with department management, policies, and procedures, the history of nurse anesthesia, the role of the anesthesiologist as an anesthesia care team member, the history of anesthesia, and issues related to anesthesia administration. In addition, this course acquaints students with the physical plant, surgical suite, and critical care area. Program requirements and accreditation requirements of the Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs are presented. A broad field orientation to clinical practice includes legal implications of anesthesia care, preoperative patient assessment, airway management, and patient positioning. This course provides the basis for meeting the anesthesia-related needs of culturally diverse patients in acute-care settings. Topics included are: (1) Orientation to Anesthesia Department, Care Plans, and Records, (2) Orientation to the Operating Room, (3) Preoperative Patient Assessment, (4) Substance Abuse, Application to Nurse Anesthesia Practice, (5) Airway Management, (6) Patient Positioning, and (7) Basic Principles of Anesthesia Practice.
Prerequisite: Graduate Core, Advanced Core, special permission
NUR 682: ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY I
Nurse Anesthesia students are presented with specific anatomic and physiologic considerations of the cardiovascular, respiratory, and fluid/ electrolyte systems. Cellular physiology as it applies to Nurse Anesthesia practice is presented. Cardiovascular segments provide monitoring modalities, cardiovascular pharmacology, and the effects of the anesthetic agents on the cardiovascular system. The respiratory segment provides an in-depth examination of anatomy, physiology, respiratory reflexes, lung volumes, respiratory sounds, rates, and types as they apply to anesthesia. Pathophysiologic disease processes associated with culturally diverse patient populations are presented and clinically applied. Topics included are (1) Cell Physiology, (2) Respiratory I, and (3) Cardiovascular I.
NUR 683: PHARMACOLOGY I
The purpose of this course is to help students understand the actions and effects of specific anesthetic medications on the human system. Students analyze the nursing responsibilities related to anesthetic pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics for the advanced practice nurse. Students study principles of drug therapy, mechanisms of action, and selection of pharmacologic agents specific to anesthesia practice. Regional anesthetics, intravenous and inhalational anesthetic agents, and their clinical applications are incorporated. In addition, students examine pharmacologic considerations associated with diverse patient populations, especially those in urban medically under-served areas. Topics included are (1) Introduction to Pharmacology, (2) Regional Anesthesia, and (3) Inhalational Anesthesia.
NUR 684: PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY I
This course introduces the student to the principles of inorganic chemistry that are applicable to anesthesia practice. The core portion of this course encompasses the critical elements of design, purpose, operation, and safety principles associated with anesthesia machine use. The FDA checklist is incorporated into the didactic portion of the curriculum. Topics included are (1) Anesthesia Machine and (2) Patient Monitoring.
NUR 685: PHARMACOLOGY II
The purpose of the course is to expand students’ pharmacologic knowledge base related specifically to nurse anesthesia practice while continuing to build on the principles of NUR 683. Students continue to build on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics related to local anesthetics, muscle relaxants, and intravenous anesthetic agents. The course continues to focus on the pharmacologic considerations and pathophysiologic disease processes of persons in medically under-served areas and with high-risk urban populations. Topics included are (1) Local Anesthesia, (2) Muscle Relaxants, and (3) Intravenous Anesthesia Agents.
NUR 686: ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY II
The anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems are expanded upon from NUR 682. In addition, the physiology, anatomy, and pathophysiology of the hepatic, endocrine, excretory, and autonomic nervous systems are presented. The effects of the inhalational and intravenous anesthetic agents on the hepatic, renal, and endocrine systems are featured with a focus on biotransformation and excretory processes. Pathophysiologic disease processes specific to culturally and racially diverse patient populations are applied. Topics included are (1) Cardiovascular II, (2) Respiratory II, (3) Hepatic System, (4) Endocrine System, (5) Excretory System, and (6) Autonomic Nervous System.
NUR 687: CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS II
The physical laws of physics as they apply to anesthesia practice are presented. Organic and inorganic chemistry principles as they apply to nurse anesthesia practice are examined. Electrical safety and electrical principles related to the physical environment and surgical suite are integrated into this dynamic course.
NUR 688: ADVANCED PRINCIPLES OF PRACTICE
An in-depth presentation of the respective anesthesia subspecialties is presented. Surgical subspecialties explored include obstetrics, pediatrics, CT surgery, geriatrics, neuroanesthesia, trauma, burns, orthopedics, ENT, plastic surgery, GI surgery, pain management, laser surgery, and hematology. Specific techniques, monitoring devices, complications, physiologic alterations, and anesthesia provider considerations associated with each subspecialty are extensively reviewed and applied clinically. Subspecialty practice applicable to the medically under-served is
included in conjunction with cultural issues that affect health care in the urban setting. Topics included are (1) Obstetrics, (2) Pediatrics, (3) Cardiothoracic, (4) Geriatrics, (5) Neuroanesthesia, (6) Trauma/ Burns, (7) Orthopedics, (8) ENT/Plastics, (9) GI Surgery, (10) Pain Management, (11) Laser Surgery, and (12) Hematology.
NUR 689: PROFESSIONAL ASPECTS
This culminating course is designed to prepare students for the professional responsibilities they will assume as nurse anesthetists following graduation. Medical-legal considerations associated with nurse anesthesia are incorporated and selected medical malpractice cases are analyzed. This course provides students with the ability to evaluate journal clubs and prepare professional reports for presentation. Topics included are (1) Medical-Legal Considerations in Anesthesia Practice, (2) Seminar Workshop, Educational Meetings, Morbidity, and Mortality Conferences, and (3) Journal Club.
NUR 690: CLINICAL PRACTICUM I
This clinical practicum is developed to allow the student to gain exposure to the induction, maintenance, and emergence phases of anesthesia. Students focus on pre-anesthesia assessment, anesthesia induction techniques, emergence, and proper postprocedure care. This is a Pass/Fail course. Objectives included are (1) Room Preparation, (2) Pre-Anesthetic Assessment, (3) Anesthesia Record, (4) Induction, (5) Maintenance, Emergence, and Post-operative Periods, and (6) Interpersonal Behavior.
NUR 691: CLINICAL PRACTICUM II
This clinical capstone course is the final culmination of the student’s clinical experience. Senior nurse anesthesia students utilize their didactic preparation and clinical anesthesia foundation from the preceding six semesters. Topics included are (1) Room Preparation, (2) Preanesthetic induction, (3) Anesthesia Record, (4) Induction, (5) Maintenance, Embergence, and Post-operative rounds, and (6) Interpersonal Behavior.