The SAGE Encyclopedia of Stem Cell Research, Second Edition is filled with new procedures and exciting medical breakthroughs, including executive orders from the Obama administration reversing barriers to research imposed under the Bush administration, court rulings impacting NIH funding of research based on human embryonic stem cells, edicts by the Papacy and other religious leaders, and the first success in cloning human stem cells. Stem cell biology is clearly fueling excitement and potential in traditional areas of developmental biology and in the field of regenerative medicine, where they are believed to hold much promise in addressing any number of intractable medical conditions. This updated second edition encyclopedia will expand on information that was given in the first edition and present more than 270 new and updated articles that explore major topics in ways accessible to nonscientists, thus bringing readers up-to-date with where stem cell biology stands today, including new and evolving ethical, religious, legal, social, and political perspectives.This second edition reference work will serve as a universal resource for all public and academic libraries. It is an excellent foundation for anyone who is interested in the subject area of stem cell biology.Key Features: • Reader’s Guide, Further Readings, Cross References, Chronology, Resource Guide, Index • A Glossary will elucidate stem cell terminology for the nonscientist • Statistics and selected reprints of major journal articles that pertain to milestones achieved in stem cell research • Documents from Congressional Hearings on stem cells and cloning • Reports to the President’s Council on Bioethics, and more
The SAGE Encyclopedia of Food Issues explores the topic of food across multiple disciplines within the social sciences and related areas including business, consumerism, marketing, and environmentalism. In contrast to the existing reference works on the topic of food that tend to fall into the categories of cultural perspectives, this carefully balanced academic encyclopedia focuses on social and policy aspects of food production, safety, regulation, labeling, marketing, distribution, and consumption. A sampling of general topic areas covered includes Agriculture, Labor, Food Processing, Marketing and Advertising, Trade and Distribution, Retail and Shopping, Consumption, Food Ideologies, Food in Popular Media, Food Safety, Environment, Health, Government Policy, and Hunger and Poverty. This encyclopedia introduces students to the fascinating, and at times contentious, and ever-so-vital field involving food issues. Key Features: • Contains approximately 500 signed entries concluding with cross-references and suggestions for further readings • Organized A-to-Z with a thematic “Reader’s Guide” in the front matter grouping related entries by general topic area • Provides a Resource Guide and a detailed and comprehensive Index along with robust search-and-browse functionality in the electronic edition. This three-volume reference work will serve as a general, non-technical resource for students and researchers who seek to better understand the topic of food and the issues surrounding it.
Economics can be a lens for understanding the behavior of schools, districts, states, and nations in meeting education needs of their populaces, as well as for understanding the individual decisions made by administrators, teachers, and students. Insights from economics help decision makers at the state level understand how to raise and distribute funds for public schools in an equitable manner for both schools and taxpayers. Economics also can assist researchers in analyzing effects of school spending and teacher compensation on student outcomes. And economics can provide important insights into public debates on issues such as whether to offer vouchers for subsidizing student attendance at private schools. This two-volume encyclopedia contains over 300 entries by experts in the field that cover these issues and more. Features: • This work of 2 volumes (in both print and electronic formats) contains 300-350 signed entries by significant figures in the field. • Entries conclude with cross-references and suggestions for further readings to guide students to in-depth resources. • Although organized in A-to-Z fashion a thematic “Reader’s Guide” in the front matter groups related entries by topic. • Also in the front matter a chronology provides students with historical perspective on the development of education economics and finance as a field of study • The entire work concludes with a Resources appendix and a comprehensive Index. • In the electronic version, the index, Reader’s Guide, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities. Key Themes: • Accountability and Education Policy • Budgeting and Accounting in Education Finance • Education Markets, Choice, and Incentives • Equity and Adequacy in School Finance • Financing of Higher Education • Key Concepts in the Economics of Education • Private and Social Returns to Human Capital Investments • Production and Costs of Schooling • Revenue and Aid for Schools • Statistical Methods in the Economics of Education • Teachers and Teacher Labor Markets
Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished general editor and an international editorial board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.
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